Volume 4, Issue 2 (April- may- june 2017)                   JNMS 2017, 4(2): 33-41 | Back to browse issues page

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Trauma Nursing Research Center, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran
Abstract:   (4373 Views)
Background and Purpose: Mothers’ knowledge of newborn care can significantly affect the neonatal morbidity and mortality. This
study was conducted on parturient mothers to assess their knowledge about post-discharge newborn care.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 200 mothers who gave birth in Shahid Beheshti Hospital of Kashan, Iran, in
2015. A questionnaire was used, which consisted of 27 multiple-choice questions regarding mother’s knowledge of basic neonatal care,
breast feeding and proper nutrition, neonatal jaundice monitoring and care, and umbilical cord care. A score of one was given to each
correct answer. Descriptive statistics, Kolmogorov-Smirnov test, t-test, analysis of variance, and analysis of covariance were used to
analyze the data.
Results: The mean maternal age was 27.74±5.63 years. The mean knowledge score of the mothers was 16.96±3.47 (range: 4 to 23). A
direct correlation was found between mothers’ age and their knowledge scores (r=0.19, P=0.02). The mean overall score of employed
mothers was higher than housewives (18.39±3.27 vs. 16.77±3.46, P=0.036). In covariance analysis, the mothers’ education level
(P<0.001), age (P=0.027), and place of residence (P<0.049) could predict their knowledge of neonatal care. On the other hand, parity,
the route of delivery, and the spouses’ job had no significant effect on the mothers’ overall knowledge.
Conclusion: Mothers’ knowledge of newborn care was not at optimal level, which might put the newborns at risk. A comprehensive
maternal educational program should be established to train all mothers on newborn care both before and after the parturition.
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Type of Study: Research |
Received: 2017/08/8 | Accepted: 2017/08/8 | Published: 2017/08/8

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