Volume 4, Number 2 (April- may- june 2017)                   JNMS 2017, 4(2): 26-32 | Back to browse issues page


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Abstract:   (129 Views)
Background and Purpose: Fear of death is commonly experienced by humans and most people prefer not to think about their own
mortality. Dialysis patients just as other chronic patients experience a great amount of stress. Use of coping mechanisms and promoting
spirituality can help with accepting the inevitable reality and enhancing quality of life. Spiritual attitudes (spiritual intelligence and
spiritual health) determine one’s manner of dealing with life events, viewpoints, and perceptions of death. In this study, we sought to
explore the relationship of spiritual health and intelligence with quality of life and death anxiety.
Methods: In this cross-sectional study, we studied death anxiety, spiritual intelligence, spiritual health, and quality of life in 123
Iranian hemodialysis patients at Imam Reza Hospital, Amol, Iran, during July 2015-January 2016. We also utilized Templer Death
Anxiety Scale and King Spiritual Intelligence questionnaire and Paloutzian and Ellison’s Spiritual Health questionnaire and McGill
Quality of Life questionnaire (MG-QOL). The validity and reliability of the Persian version of the employed questionnaires were
assessed by previous studies. The data was analyzed using Pearson correlation coefficient in S PSS, 19 version.
Results: Spiritual health was associated with death anxiety in hemodialysis patients. The linear regression analysis was conducted
between the study variables and personal characteristics. There was a significant relationship between gender and death anxiety
(P=0.03), economic status and death anxiety (P=0.02), religious beliefs and spiritual intelligence (P=0.01), level of education and
quality of life (P=0.01), as well as age at diagnosis and spiritual health (P=0.01).
Conclusion: This study showed a close relationship between spiritual intelligence and death anxiety and between spiritual health and
quality of life in hemodialysis patients. It seems that by enhancing spirituality, internalizing spiritual values and beliefs, and promoting
health and spiritual intelligence, death anxiety can be assuaged in hemodialysis patients.
Full-Text [PDF 272 kb]   (78 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research |
Received: 2017/08/8 | Accepted: 2017/08/8 | Published: 2017/08/8